Floor sanding can be defined as the process of getting off wooden floor top surfaces by sanding using abrasive materials. There are several floor materials which can be subjected to sanding and such include parquet, particleboard, cork, and timber. Some of the floors are first laid then designed to accommodate sanding. For most old floors, sanding is done after former coverings are gotten off then some suitable wood gets traced hidden beneath.
This process floor sanding entails three stages which are: preparation, sanding then coating using protective sealant.
Machines used for floor sanding
Sanding projects currently are done using machines specialised for sanding. Most of the material is removed using a drum sander or volt belt sander 220.
For continuous belt of sandpaper, belt sanders mostly are used to prevent the sanding machine leaving marks on the floors. This belt sander traced its origin from 1969 when Eugen Laegler discovered it in Germany.
The drum or belt sander reaches about 905 OF THE FLOOR AREA leaving about 10% which is made of stairs, edges, under cabinets, corners which are sanded by a machine called edge sanding equipment. To finish up the process, a buffer or multiple disc sander machines is used.
The process of floor sanding
This process entails three stages starting with preparation stage. In this stage, preparations are done on the area to be sanded whereby protruding nails above boards get punched down. It is because nails are capable of damaging the machines used in sanding process severely.
Tacks or staples which are used for fastening former coverings also are removed to avoid any possibility of danger. However, some adhesives types or brands used for securing the coverings are retained. On the other hand, some of those adhesives tend to clog running gears and machines of sanding machines to some extent of making it impossible to perform sanding.
After preparation of the floor, actual sanding kicks off. The beginning cut is made using coarse-grit papers to get rid of old coatings while making the floor level and flat. Any height differences between boards also get removed. Large sanders are then subjected to the timber grain.
After sanding, an option of staining the floor is also availed. This entails working along two boards at a go. A brush or even a cloth is used to apply the stain until the whole floor gets covered. You can as well use buffer machine depending on your room’s size. After applying the stain, leave it for about 30 minutes to one hour so that it dries up. After the stain dries up, apply seal the first coat.
Floor sanding does away with all platina hence can alter old floors’ character. The result not always does it please the building character. Sanding of those old boards at times exposes cores infested by worms effectively hence ruining the appearance of the floor. As such, the floor tends to decline in value which may even call for a replacement.
Floor sanding gets rid of material, but with timber floors, the sanding should be done with some limit.
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